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[杂谈] 收藏品精品推荐-大明宣德元宝弥勒佛摆件

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藏品介绍

中文名称:大明宣德元宝弥勒佛摆件

英文名称:xuande yuan bao maitreya Buddha decoration

材质:铜质;

高:10cm;

收藏品精品推荐-大明宣德元宝弥勒佛摆件-1.jpg

明代政权建立之初,有鉴于元代崇奉喇嘛教的流弊,转而支持汉地传统的佛教各宗派,因此喇嘛教在内地渐衰,而禅、净、律、天台、贤首诸宗逐渐恢复发展。太祖早年出身于僧侣,对于佛教有意加以整顿。洪武元年(1368)即在南京天界寺设立善世院,命僧慧昙管领佛教,又置统领、副统领、赞教、纪化等员,以掌全国名山大刹住持的任免。三年(1370)又召集各地僧耆,规定寺院为禅、讲、教(包括依瑜伽教修行及应赴佛事等)三类,要求僧众分别专业。随后又召集江南名僧至南京,启建“广荐法会”及点校藏经,进行刻版。对于僧人普给度牒,废除过去计僧卖牒的免丁钱,并命各地沙门讲习《心经》、《金刚》、《楞伽》三经。到了洪武十五年(1382),对于佛教的整顿更为积极,仿照宋制设各级僧司、僧官[其制在京设僧录司,各府设僧纲司,州设僧正司,县设僧会司。

此件正面图案,元宝为底座,龙纹为阳刻工艺浮雕于元宝表面,经历六百多年图案依然清晰。此龙翱翔天际附有云彩图案,精美绝妙,龙身的鱼鳞形龙纹,周围带有火焰纹,如意形的云朵,真是明代典型的特征,元宝上方弥勒佛手持元宝,大肚能容,容天下难容之事; 开口便笑,慈悲宽容,乐观豁达。

收藏品精品推荐-大明宣德元宝弥勒佛摆件-2.jpg

背面图案,元宝为底座,凤凰为阳刻工艺浮雕于元宝表面,展翅高飞,凤凰,亦作“凤皇”,古代传说中的百鸟之王。雄的叫“凤”,雌的叫“凰”,总称为凤凰,亦称为丹鸟、火鸟、鶤鸡、威凤等。常用来象征祥瑞,凤凰齐飞,是吉祥和谐的象征,元宝上方弥勒佛背面形态端庄,两袖耷拉下来真是典型的汉服风格。 底部图案:正中有‘大明宣德年制’六字款,底足内侧缘有轻微氧化现象,并生成了红斑,俗话说红斑绿绣开门包老。 明代的佛家文化尤为兴盛,从而有了佛家精品流传至今,价格已是惊为天价,宣德年间的尤为贵重,从宣德炉,到价格过亿的永乐释迦摩尼佛像无一不验证着明代佛家至宝的身价。 现如今宣德炉已经列为国宝,只要出现宣德年间的佛像都会争先收藏,市场上早已是极度稀缺,一物难求。一件有龙有凤的佛像摆件更是锦上添花极为珍贵。

收藏品精品推荐-大明宣德元宝弥勒佛摆件-3.jpg

英文翻译:At the beginning of the establishment of the Ming dynasty, in view of the defects of lamaism in the yuan dynasty, lamaism gradually declined in the interior, while zen, jing, law, tiantai and xianshou Buddhism gradually resumed their development. Taizu, who was born a monk in his early years, tried to rectify Buddhism. In the first year of hongwu (1368), the good world institute was set up in nanjing tianjie temple. The monk hui-tan led the Buddhism, and set the leading, deputy leading, zen-jiao, discipline, etc., in order to grasp the appointment and dismissal of the country's famous mountains. In the third year (1370), the monks from all over the world were called together, and the temples were designated as zen, preaching and teaching (including practicing according to yoga and going to Buddhism), and the monks were required to have different specialties. Then he called the famous monks from the south of the Yangtze river to nanjing, and set up a "wide recommendation meeting" and a point school of the sutra for engraving. For the monks to give the ultimatum, the abolition of the past monk selling ultimatum free money, and ordered the local samanas to study the "heart", "king kong", "lunga" three sutras. In the 15th year of hongwu (1382), the rectification of Buddhism became more active, and monks and officials at all levels were established in imitation of the song dynasty. The collection is introduced Chinese name: xuande yuan bao maitreya Buddha decoration Xuande yuan bao maitreya Buddha decoration Specification: copper Phase: beautiful, no damage, slight oxidation at the bottom The front design, ingot for the base, the dragon for the Yang engraving process relief on the surface of ingot, after more than 600 years of design is still clear. The dragon flies in the sky with a cloud pattern, exquisite and wonderful, dragon body fish scale shape dragon grain, surrounded by flame grain, ruyi shape clouds, is a typical feature of the Ming dynasty, above the silver ingot maitreya Buddha holding the silver ingot, big belly can accommodate, let the world can not accommodate things; Open to laugh, compassionate tolerance, optimistic open-minded. On the back of the design, ingot for the base, phoenix for Yang carving craft relief on the surface of ingot, spread wings to fly, phoenix, also known as "phoenix emperor", the ancient legend of the king of a hundred birds. Male of call "chicken", female is called the "burn", always known as phoenix, also called Dan bird, firebird, neuromancer chicken, chicken, etc. Commonly used as a symbol of auspicious, phoenix qi fei, is a symbol of auspicious harmony, above the silver ingot maitreya Buddha back form dignified, two sleeves hanging down is a typical han style. Bottom design: in the middle of the 'da Ming xuande school year' six words, foot medial edge has a slight oxidation phenomenon, and produced erythema, as the saying goes, erythema green embroidery door package old. The buddhist culture of the Ming dynasty was particularly prosperous, thus the spread of the buddhist boutique up to now, the price has been surprised to the sky-high price, xuande years of the particularly valuable, from xuande furnace, to the price of more than 100 million yongle sakyamuni Buddha Buddha is not without verification of the value of the most precious buddhist in the Ming dynasty. Now xuande furnace has been listed as a national treasure, as long as the emergence of xuande years of Buddha will compete for the first collection, the market is already extremely scarce, a thing is difficult to find. A statue of Buddha with a dragon and a phoenix is the icing on the cake is extremely precious.




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